This paper presents a model of surface grinding with superimposed oscillation of the workpiece. The parameters of the model were experimentally derived and the equations of motions of the system were solved using Matlab. The results obtained showed a significant decrease in the amplitude of the relative vibration between the wheel and workpiece when the oscillation was superimposed onto the feed motion of the workpiece. A range of experimental work was undertaken and the results showed that the vibratory process had a superior performance in absolute terms with reference to conventional grinding. Low forces along with longer tool life were recorded with the added vibration. A notion of dynamic relief was introduced to express the efficiency of the vibratory process.

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