Aerosol jet printing (AJP) is a direct write technology that enables fabrication of flexible, fine scale printed electronics on conformal substrates. AJP does not require the time consuming mask and postpatterning processes compared with traditional electronics manufacturing techniques. Thus, the cycle time can be dramatically reduced, and highly personalized designs of electronics can be realized. AJP has been successfully applied to a variety of industries, with different combinations of inks and substrates. However, the quality of the printed electronics, such as resistance, is not able to be measured online. On the other hand, the microscopic image sensors are widely used for printed circuit boards (PCBs) quality quantification and inspection. In this paper, two widely used quality variables of printed electronics, resistance and overspray, will be jointly modeled based on microscopic images for fast quality assessment. Augmented quantitative and qualitative (AUGQQ) models are proposed to use features of microscopic images taken at different locations on the printed electronics as input variables, and resistance and overspray as output variables. The association of resistance and overspray can be investigated through the AUGQQ models formulation. A case study for fabricating silver lines with Optomec® aerosol jet system is used to evaluate the model performance. The proposed AUGQQ models can help assess the printed electronics quality and identify important image features in a timely manner.
Quality Modeling of Printed Electronics in Aerosol Jet Printing Based on Microscopic Images
Manuscript received March 30, 2016; final manuscript received December 19, 2016; published online April 10, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Sam Anand.
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Sun, H., Wang, K., Li, Y., Zhang, C., and Jin, R. (April 10, 2017). "Quality Modeling of Printed Electronics in Aerosol Jet Printing Based on Microscopic Images." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. July 2017; 139(7): 071012. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4035586
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