High-speed machine tools typically provide high spindle speeds and feedrates to achieve an effective material removal rate (MRR). However, it is not possible to realize the full extent of their high-speed capabilities due to the sharp corners of toolpaths which are introduced by conventional machining strategies, such as contour- and direction-parallel toolpaths. To address this limitation, spiral toolpaths that can reduce the magnitude of sudden direction changes have been developed in previous researches. Nevertheless, for some pockets, the average radial cutting width is significantly decreased while the total length of the toolpath is significantly increased as compared to contour- and direction-parallel toolpath. In this situation, spiral toolpath may take more machining time. To overcome these drawbacks, an aggressive spiral toolpath generation method based on the medial axis (MA) transformation is proposed in machining pocket without islands inside, which refers to no additional material inside the counter. The salient feature of this work is that it integrates the advantages of both conventional contour-parallel machining strategy and the existing spiral toolpath machining strategy. The cutting width at each MA point is determined based on the diameter of the locally inscribed circle (LIC) of the MA point and the topological structure of MA. A distance-constrained contour determination algorithm is utilized to calculate the toolpath for each pass. Finally, a circular arc transition strategy is used to transform all the isolated passes into a spiral toolpath. Experiments are conducted to show the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Aggressive Spiral Toolpaths for Pocket Machining Based on Medial Axis Transformation
Manuscript received July 21, 2016; final manuscript received January 3, 2017; published online January 30, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Xiaoping Qian.
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Huang, N., Lynn, R., and Kurfess, T. (January 30, 2017). "Aggressive Spiral Toolpaths for Pocket Machining Based on Medial Axis Transformation." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. May 2017; 139(5): 051011. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4035720
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