Optimizing the energy consumption of robot movements has been one of the main focuses for most of today's robotic simulation software. This optimization is based on minimizing a robot's joint movements. In many cases, it does not take into consideration the dynamic features. Therefore, reducing energy consumption is still a challenging task and it involves studying the robot's kinematic and dynamic models together with application requirements. This research aims to minimize the robot energy consumption during assembly. Given a trajectory and based on the inverse kinematics and dynamics of a robot, a set of attainable configurations for the robot can be determined, perused by calculating the suitable forces and torques on the joints and links of the robot. The energy consumption is then calculated for each configuration and based on the assigned trajectory. The ones with the lowest energy consumption are selected. Given that the energy-efficient robot configurations lead to reduced overall energy consumption, this approach becomes instrumental and can be embedded in energy-efficient robotic assembly.
Energy-Efficient Robot Configuration for Assembly
Manuscript received July 19, 2016; final manuscript received October 6, 2016; published online November 14, 2016. Editor: Y. Lawrence Yao.
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Mohammed, A., Schmidt, B., and Wang, L. (November 14, 2016). "Energy-Efficient Robot Configuration for Assembly." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. May 2017; 139(5): 051007. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4034935
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