Automotive industries are very much interested in implementing warm forming technology for fabrication of light weight auto-body panels using aluminum alloys without localized thinning or splitting. A nonheat treatable and low formable AA5754-H22 aluminum alloy sheet was selected in the present work, and a laboratory scale warm deep drawing test set-up and process sequences were designed to improve material flow through independent heating of punch and dies. Significant enhancement in cup depth was observed when the temperature of punch and dies were set to 30 °C and 200 °C, respectively. Thermo-mechanical finite-element (FE) model of the nonisothermal deep drawing test was developed successfully to study the improvement in material flow incorporating Barlat-89 yield theory using temperature dependent anisotropy coefficients and Cowper–Symonds hardening model. It was found that a nonisothermal temperature gradient of approximately 93 °C was established within the blank from the center to flange at the start of deformation, and subsequent evolution of temperature gradient helped in improving material flow into the die cavity. The effect of temperature gradient on forming behavior in terms of cup height, ear profile, and thinning development across flange, cup wall, and blank center were predicted and validated with experimental results.
Improvement in Material Flow During Nonisothermal Warm Deep Drawing of Nonheat Treatable Aluminum Alloy Sheets
Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received August 17, 2016; final manuscript received August 25, 2016; published online October 6, 2016. Editor: Y. Lawrence Yao.
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Panicker, S. S., and Kumar Panda, S. (October 6, 2016). "Improvement in Material Flow During Nonisothermal Warm Deep Drawing of Nonheat Treatable Aluminum Alloy Sheets." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. March 2017; 139(3): 031013. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4034594
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