The production process grinding deals with finishing of hardened workpieces and is one of the last stages of the value-added production chain. Up to this process step, considerable costs and energy have been spent on the workpieces. In order to avoid production rejects, significant safety reserves are calculated according to the present state of the art. The authors introduce two approaches to minimize the safety margin, thus optimizing the process’ economic efficiency. Both control concepts use the feed rate override of the machining operation as regulating variable to eliminate thermal damage of the edge zone. The first control concept is developed to avoid thermal damage in cylindrical plunge grinding by controlling the cutting forces. Therefore, the industrial standard Open Platform Communications Unified Architecture (OPC-UA) is used for the communication between a proportional–integral–derivative (PID) controller and the SINUMERIK grinding machine tool control system. For noncircular workpieces, grinding conditions change over the circumference. Therefore, thermal damage cannot be ruled out at any time during the grinding process. The authors introduce a second novel control approach, which uses a micromagnetic measure that correlates with thermal damage as the main control variable. Hence, the cutting ability of the grinding wheel and thermal damage to the workpiece edge zone is quantified in the process. The result is a control concept for grinding of noncircular workpieces, which opens up fields for major efficiency enhancement. With these two approaches, grinding processes are raised on higher economic level, independently of circular and noncircular workpiece geometries.
Adaptive Grinding Process—Prevention of Thermal Damage Using OPC-UA Technique and In Situ Metrology
Manuscript received March 30, 2017; final manuscript received October 2, 2017; published online November 2, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Xun Chen.
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Steffan, M., Haas, F., Pierer, A., and Jens, G. (November 2, 2017). "Adaptive Grinding Process—Prevention of Thermal Damage Using OPC-UA Technique and In Situ Metrology." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. December 2017; 139(12): 121008. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4038123
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