A PED (precision extrusion deposition)/replica molding process enables scaffold guided tissue engineering of a heterocellular microfluidic device. We investigate two types of cell-laden devices: the first with a 3D microfluidic manifold fully embedded in a PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane) substrate and the second a channel network on the surface of the PDMS substrate for cell printing directly into device channels. Fully embedded networks are leak-resistant with simplified construction methods. Channels exposed to the surface are used as mold to hold bioprinted cell-laden matrix for controlled cell placement throughout the network from inlet to outlet. The result is a 3D cell-laden microfluidic device with improved leak-resistance (up to 2.0 mL/min), pervasive diffusion and control of internal architecture.

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