In accumulated double-sided incremental forming (ADSIF), two hemispherical tools impart the local deformation to the sheet via their programed in-plane spiral motion and the depth of the part is achieved via rigid body motion of the already formed part. Unlike single point incremental forming (SPIF) and double-sided incremental forming (DSIF), ADSIF does not impose forces on the already-formed part and, therefore, has the potential of achieving higher geometric accuracy. A systematic method is proposed in this work to study the influences of the relative tool positions on the local formed shape and the final geometry, which is essentially the accumulation of all previously formed local deformations. Meanwhile, the concepts of the stable angle and the peak angle are introduced to better describe the cross-sectional geometry of a formed part with a constant wall angle at that particular cross section. It is recommended that, while multiple combinations of the relative positions of two forming tools may achieve the same stable angle that the positioning parameters should be chosen such that the resultant forming force or the wall angle variation between the stable and peak angles is minimized.

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