Laser scribing of multilayer-thin-film solar cells is an important process for producing integrated serial interconnection of mini-modules, used to reduce photocurrent and resistance losses in a large-area solar cell. Quality of such scribing contributes to the overall quality and efficiency of the solar cell, and therefore predictive capabilities of the process are essential. Limited numerical work has been performed in predicting the thin film laser removal processes. In this study, a fully-coupled multilayer thermal and mechanical finite element model is developed to analyze the laser-induced spatio-temporal temperature and thermal stress responsible for SnO2:F film removal. A plasma expansion induced pressure model is also investigated to simulate the nonthermal film removal of CdTe due to the micro-explosion process. Corresponding experiments of SnO2:F films on glass substrates by 1064 nm ns laser irradiation show a similar removal process to that predicted in the simulation. Differences between the model and experimental results are discussed and future model refinements are proposed. Both simulation and experimental results from glass-side laser scribing show clean film removal with minimum thermal effects indicating minimal changes to material electrical properties.
Predictive Modeling for Glass-Side Laser Scribing of Thin Film Photovoltaic Cells
GE Global Research,
Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received November 27, 2012; final manuscript received May 21, 2013; published online September 11, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Y. B. Guo.
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Wang, H., Hsu, S., Tan, H., Yao, Y. L., Chen, H., and Azer, M. N. (September 11, 2013). "Predictive Modeling for Glass-Side Laser Scribing of Thin Film Photovoltaic Cells." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. October 2013; 135(5): 051004. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4024818
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