Setup planning is an intermediate phase of process planning, and automating setup planning constitutes a critical component of computer-aided process planning. The common absence of a clearly defined optimality of setup plans has been a major obstacle to converting automatic setup planning research progress into real advancement in practice. The optimality of a setup plan is a multiple attributes problem associated with uncertainties, and human interaction is vital in clarifying the optimality structure in a dynamic setup planning environment. In this paper, a quantitative setup plan evaluation system driven by multiple-attributes utility analysis coupled with manufacturing error simulation is proposed to serve three purposes: (1) to clarify what is optimality of setup plans, (2) to provide a systematic method of evaluating setup plan alternatives quantitatively, and (3) to incorporate in existing automatic setup planning systems a human interface to fulfill their potential values.

1.
Kalpakjian
,
S.
, 1992,
Manufacturing Engineering and Technology
,
Addison-Wesley
, Reading, Massachusetts.
2.
Zhang
,
Y.
,
Hu
,
W.
,
Rong
,
Y.
, and
Yen
,
D. W.
, 2001, “
Graph-based Set-up Planning and Tolerance Decomposition for Computer Aided Fixture Design
,”
Int. J. Prod. Res.
0020-7543,
39
(
14
), pp.
3109
2126
.
3.
Ming
,
X. G.
, and
Mak
,
K. L.
, 2000, “
Intelligent Setup Planning in Manufacturing by Neural Networks Based Approach
,”
J. Intell. Manuf.
0956-5515,
11
(
3
), pp.
311
331
.
4.
Joneja
,
A.
, and
Chang
,
T.-C.
, 1999, “
Setup and Fixture Planning in Automated Process Planning Systems
,”
IIE Trans.
0740-817X,
31
, pp.
653
665
.
5.
Zhang
,
H.-C.
, and
Lin
,
E.
, 1999, “
A Hybrid-graph Approach for Automated Setup Planning in CAPP
,”
Rob. Comput.-Integr. Manufact.
0736-5845,
15
, pp.
89
100
.
6.
Zhang
,
Y. F.
,
Ma
,
G. H.
, and
Nee
,
A. Y. C.
, 1999, “
Modeling Process Planning Problems in an Optimization Perspective
,”
Proceeding of the 1999 IEEE, International Conference on Robotics & Automation
, Detroit, Michigan, May.
7.
Rong
,
Y.
,
Liu
,
X.
,
Zhou
,
J.
, and
Wen
,
A.
, 1997, “
Computer-aided Setup Planning and Fixture Design
,”
Intell. Autom. Soft Comput.
1079-8587,
3
(
3
), pp.
191
206
.
8.
Huang
,
S. H.
,
Zhang
,
H.-C.
, and
Oldham
,
W. J. B.
, 1997, “
Tolerance Analysis for Setup Planning: A Graph Theoretical Approach
,”
Int. J. Prod. Res.
0020-7543,
35
(
4
), pp.
1107
1124
.
9.
Sarma
,
S. E.
, and
Wright
,
P. K.
, 1996, “
Algorithms for the Minimization of Setups and Tool Changes in ‘Simply Fixturable’ Components in Milling
,”
J. Manuf. Syst.
0278-6125,
15
(
2
), pp.
95
112
.
10.
Zhang
,
H.-C.
,
Huang
,
S. H.
, and
Mei
,
J.
, 1996, “
Operational Dimensioning and Tolerancing in Process Planning: Setup Planning, International Journal of Production Research
,”
Int. J. Prod. Res.
0020-7543,
34
(
7
), pp.
1841
1858
.
11.
Öztürk
,
F.
,
Kaya
,
N.
,
Alankuş
,
O. B.
, and
Sevinş
,
S.
, 1996, “
Machining Features and Algorithms for Set-up Planning and Fixture Design
,”
Computer Integrated Manufacturing Systems
,
9
(
4
), pp.
207
216
.
12.
Demey
,
S.
,
Van Brussel
,
H.
, and
Derache
,
H.
, 1996, “
Determining Set-Ups for Mechanical Workpieces
,”
Rob. Comput.-Integr. Manufact.
0736-5845,
12
(
2
), pp.
195
205
.
13.
Kim
,
I.-H.
,
Oh
,
J.-S.
, and
Cho
,
K.-K.
, 1996, “
Computer Aided Setup Planning for Machining Processes
,”
Comput. Ind. Eng.
0360-8352,
31
(
3/4)
, pp.
613
617
.
14.
Zhang
,
Y. F.
,
Nee
,
A. Y. C.
, and
Ong
,
S. K.
, 1995, “
A Hybrid Approach for Set-up Planning
,”
Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol.
0268-3768,
10
, pp.
183
190
.
15.
Ong
,
S. K.
, and
Nee
,
A. Y. C.
, 1994, “
Application of Fuzzy Set Theory to Setup Planning
,”
CIRP Ann.
0007-8506,
43
(
1
), pp.
137
144
.
16.
Delbressine
,
F. L. M.
,
de Groot
,
R.
, and
van der Wolf
,
A. C. H.
, 1993, “
On the Automatic Generation of Set-Ups Given a Feature-Based Design Representation
,”
CIRP Ann.
0007-8506,
42
(
1
), pp.
527
530
.
17.
Chen
,
C. L. P.
, 1993, “
Setup Generation and Feature Sequencing Using Unsupervised Learning Algorithm
,”
Proceedings of the 1993 NSF Design and Manufacturing Systems Conference
,
Dearborn
, MI: Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Dearborn, MI,
1
, pp.
981
986
.
18.
Sakurai
,
H.
, 1992, “
Automatic Setup Planning and Fixture Design for Machining
,”
J. Manuf. Syst.
0278-6125,
11
(
1
), pp.
30
37
.
19.
Young
,
R. I. M.
, and
Bell
,
R.
, 1991, “
Fixturing Strategies and Geometric Queries in Set-up Planning
,”
Int. J. Prod. Res.
0020-7543,
29
(
3
), pp.
537
550
.
20.
Hayes
,
C.
, and
Wright
,
P.
, 1989, “
Automating Process Planning: Using Feature Interactions to Guide Search
,”
J. Manuf. Syst.
0278-6125,
8
(
1
), pp.
1
14
.
21.
Boerma
,
J. R.
, and
Kals
,
H. J. J.
, 1988, “
FIXES, A System for Automatic Selection of Set-Ups and Design of Fixtures
,”
CIRP Ann.
0007-8506,
37
(
1
), pp.
443
446
.
22.
Von Neumann
,
J.
, and
Morgenstern
,
O.
, 1947,
Theory of Games and Economic Behavior
,
2nd ed.
,
Princeton University Press
, Princeton, NJ.
23.
Savage
,
L. J.
, 1954,
The Foundations of Statistics
,
Wiley
, New York.
24.
Luce
,
R. D.
, and
Raiffa
,
H.
, 1957,
Games and Decisions
,
Wiley
, New York.
25.
Fishburn
,
P. C.
, 1970,
Utility Theory for Decision Making
,
Wiley
, New York.
26.
Keeney
,
R. L.
, and
Raiffa
,
H.
, 1976,
Decisions with Multiple Objectives: Preferences and Value Tradeoffs
,
Wiley
, New York.
27.
Dyer
,
J. S.
, and
Miles
,
R. F.
, 1976, “
An Actual Application of Collective Choice Theory to the Selection of Trajectories for the Mariner Jupiter/Saturn 1977 Projects
,”
Oper. Res.
0030-364X,
24
, pp.
220
244
.
28.
Golabi
,
K.
,
Kirkwood
,
C. W.
, and
Sicherman
,
A.
, 1981, “
Selecting a Portfolio of Solar Energy Projects Using Multi-attribute Preference Theory
,”
Manage. Sci.
0025-1909,
27
, pp.
174
189
.
29.
Dyer
,
J. S.
, and
Lund
,
R. N.
, 1982, “
Tinker Toys and Christmas Trees: Opening a New Merchandising Package for Amoco Oil Company
,”
Interfaces
0092-2102,
12
, pp.
38
52
.
30.
Bose
,
U.
,
Davey
,
A. M.
, and
Olson
,
D. L.
, 1997, “
Multi-attribute Utility Methods in Group Decision Making: Past Applications and Potential for Inclusion in GDSS
,”
Omega
0305-0483 Int. J. Mgmt Sci.,
25
(
6
), pp.
691
706
.
31.
Thurston
,
D. L.
, 1991, “
A Formal Method for Subjective Design Evaluation With Multiple Attributes
,”
Res. Eng. Des.
0934-9839,
3
, pp.
105
122
.
32.
Thurston
,
D. L.
,
Carnahan
,
J. V.
, and
Liu
,
T.
, 1994, “
Optimization of Design Utility
,”
ASME J. Mech. Des.
0161-8458,
116
(
3
), pp.
801
808
.
33.
Thurston
,
D. L.
, and
Locascio
,
A.
, 1994, “
Decision Theory for Design Economics
,”
Eng. Econ.
0013-791X,
40
(
1
), pp.
41
72
.
You do not currently have access to this content.