This paper examines the surface generation process in the micro-endmilling of both single-phase and multiphase workpiece materials. We used 508 μm dia endmills with edge radii of 2 and 5 μm to machine slots in ferrite, pearlite, and two ductile iron materials at feed rates ranging from 0.25 to 3.0 μm/flute. A surface generation model to predict the surface roughness for the slot floor centerline is then developed based on the minimum chip thickness concept. The minimum chip thickness values were found through finite element simulations for the ferrite and pearlite materials. The model is shown to accurately predict the surface roughness for single-phase materials, viz., ferrite and pearlite. Two phenomena were found to combine to generate an optimal feed rate for the surface generation of single-phase materials: (i) the geometric effect of the tool and process geometry and (ii) the minimum chip thickness effect. The surface roughness measurements for the ductile iron workpieces indicate that the micromilling surface generation process for multiphase workpiece materials is also affected by the interrupted chip-formation process as the cutting edge moves between phases resulting in burrs at the phase boundaries and the associated increases in surface roughness.
On the Modeling and Analysis of Machining Performance in Micro-Endmilling, Part I: Surface Generation
Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division for publication in JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received February 19, 2003; revised March 30, 2004. Associate Editor: M. A. Davies.
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Vogler, M. P., DeVor, R. E., and Kapoor, S. G. (February 4, 2005). "On the Modeling and Analysis of Machining Performance in Micro-Endmilling, Part I: Surface Generation ." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. November 2004; 126(4): 685–694. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1813470
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