Rapid Freeze Prototyping (RFP) builds three-dimensional ice parts according to CAD models by depositing and freezing water droplets in a layer-by-layer manner. This paper studies the layer thickness and surface roughness of ice parts built by the RFP process. The equations governing the water line formed by a sequence of water droplets are developed, and then a model of the water line is proposed by simplifying these equations based on our experimental condition. The analysis using this model shows that the cross-section of an ice line is circular, which is verified by experimental observations. Based on the analysis, equations for predicting layer thickness as a function of nozzle scanning speed, water feed rate, and water-ice contact angle in building vertical and slant walls by the RFP are derived and the predictions from these equations are shown to agree well with experimental measurements. The surface roughness of ice parts built by the RFP process is also studied.
Investigation of Layer Thickness and Surface Roughness in Rapid Freeze Prototyping
Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received Aug. 2001; Revised July 2002. Associate Editor: Y. L. Yao.
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Sui, G., and Leu, M. C. (July 23, 2003). "Investigation of Layer Thickness and Surface Roughness in Rapid Freeze Prototyping ." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. August 2003; 125(3): 556–563. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1556401
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