A microstructure-level model for simulation of machining of cast irons using the finite element method is presented. The model explicitly combines ferritic and pearlitic grains with graphite nodules to produce the ductile iron structure. The behaviors of pearlite, ferrite, and graphite are captured individually using an internal state variable model for the material model. The behavior of each phase is dependent on strain, strain rate, temperature, and amount of damage. Extensive experimentation was conducted to characterize material strain rate and temperature dependency of both ferrite and pearlite. The model is applied to orthogonal machining of ductile iron. The simulation results demonstrate the feasibility of successfully capturing the influence of microstructure on machinability and part performance. The stress, strain, temperature, and damage results obtained from the model are found to correlate well with experimental results found in the literature. Furthermore, the model is capable of handling various microstructures in other heterogeneous materials such as steels.
Microstructure-Level Modeling of Ductile Iron Machining
Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received May 2000; revised August 2001. Associate Editor: K. Ehmann.
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Chuzhoy, L., DeVor, R. E., Kapoor, S. G., and Bammann, D. J. (April 29, 2002). "Microstructure-Level Modeling of Ductile Iron Machining ." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. May 2002; 124(2): 162–169. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1455642
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