It is normal industrial practice to roll round edged flat wires from round circular wires using plain rolls. Although this is not a complex type of metal forming process, the internal deformation is highly three-dimensional. It is important to be able to determine the lateral spread, elongation and final profile precisely. In this paper, this process has been analyzed using an elastic-plastic finite element program. Firstly, algorithms for integrating the constitutive equations, i.e., return mapping algorithms, are evaluated to determine the most accurate technique. Then, the influences of friction and reduction in thickness on the deformation characteristics are investigated. The lateral spread and the radius of curvature of the free surface are quantitatively in reasonable agreement with those obtained from empirical formulas. The lateral spread increases with friction and with reduction. The variation of elongation in the roll bite is investigated in detail. It is found that the elongation is not uniformly distributed across the cross section. After passing the roll gap, the distribution is compensated by the elastic recovery of wire, otherwise it may cause edge waves.
Three-Dimensional Elastic-Plastic Finite-Element Analysis of the Flattening of Wire Between Plain Rolls*
Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. Manuscript received November 1999; revised June 2000. Associate Editor: K. Stelson.
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Utsunomiya, H., Hartley, P., and Pillinger, I. (June 1, 2000). "Three-Dimensional Elastic-Plastic Finite-Element Analysis of the Flattening of Wire Between Plain Rolls." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. August 2001; 123(3): 397–404. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1365158
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