An analysis is presented to predict the hardness distribution in the subsurface of hardened steel due to tempering and rehardening associated with high temperatures generated in grinding. The grinding temperatures are modeled with a triangular heat source at the grinding zone and temperature-dependent thermal properties. The temperature history, including the effect of multiple grinding passes, is coupled with thermally activated reaction equations for tempering and for reaustenitization which is the rate controlling step in rehardening. Experimental results from the literature are found to be in good agreement with the analytical predictions.

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