This paper discusses the use of variable speed cutting for vibration control in the face milling process. Both simulation and experimental results show that the self-excited vibrations that can occur during constant speed cutting, and hence put limitation on the possible size of cut, can be suppressed by continuously varying the spindle speed. Through both analytical and experimental studies, the shape of variable speed trajectory has been examined, in terms of both the trackability by the spindle servo system and performance in terms of vibration suppression. It was found that a sinusoidal wave because of its acceleration and jerk characteristics can be tracked more precisely than some other periodic waves. The dynamic face milling force model was used to study the effects of speed trajectory parameters, namely, the frequency and amplitude. The results, in general, show the method to be fairly robust to the specific nature of the machining situation in terms of both processing conditions and system dynamics. Speed trajectory design was, however, shown to be somewhat dependent upon the nominal cutting speed and dominant frequencies of the system.

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