The air-jet texturing process, a purely mechanical means of texturing continuous filament yarns, is described. Industrial texturing nozzles are reviewed and categorized in two groups, either as converging-diverging or cylindrical type nozzles. A mathematical model is developed for the complex airflow in cylindrical type texturing nozzles, and experimental data obtained from various nozzles verify the flow predicted by this model. The mathematical model is also shown to be in good agreement with the data obtained from a modified experimental nozzle, which has a trumpet shaped diverging exit. Further experimental work with a scaled-up model of a typical industrial texturing nozzle is also reported.

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