A new method of computer control of electro-discharge machining based on Data Dependent Systems (DDS) methodology has been recently proposed. The control is based on a parameter which effectively represents the resistance of arc and is isolated by the DDS model from the random current and voltage signals in spite of the large noise. This paper presents an experimental verification to show that this parameter indeed represents the arc resistance which cannot be measured by any other means and that the parameter is quite sensitive to the change from beneficial sparking condition to the harmful arcing condition. Off-line analysis of the EDM process under different conditions is presented with this parameter as the response variable. Development of the control strategy using the results of this analysis is illustrated. Implementation of the strategy by means of a Motorola microcomputer is described. A comparison of metal removal rate (MRR), surface roughness, and tool wear for the computer control and the optimal manual adjustment recommended by the EDM machine manufacturer is presented. It shows that the computer control yields an increase in the MRR of 47 percent and 19 percent, while the ratio of tool wear to MRR reduces by 26 percent and 16 percent, respectively, in finishing and roughing conditions.

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