Based on the upper-bound theorem in limit analysis, the central bursting defect in plane strain drawing and extrusion is analyzed by comparing the proportional flow with the central bursting flow for the metal with voids at the center. A criterion for the unique conditions that promote this defect has been derived. The metal with voids may flow in the identical manner to that of solid strip with no voids to form a sound flow, deterring central bursting. A solid strip, on the other hand, or a material with voids, may flow in a manner so as to produce central bursting defects. A major conclusion of the study is that, for a range of combinations of inclined angle of the die, reduction, and friction, central bursting is expected whether or not the material originally had any voids. On the other hand, central bursting can be prevented even if the original rod contains small-size voids.

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