Based on the upper-bound theorem in limit analysis, a theoretical model for core fracture in bimetal rods during extrusion has been developed and a fracture criterion established. The variables affecting core fracture are: reduction in area (r%), die geometry, friction (m), relative size of the core and relative strength of the core. Within the wide range of possible combinations of these process variables, only a small range permits extrusion without fracture. With suitable modifications the present analysis can be extended to develop criteria for sleeve fracture during extrusion and for both core and sleeve fracture during drawing.
Criterion for the Prevention of Core Fracture During Extrusion of Bimetal Rods
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Avitzur, B., Wu, R., Talbert, S., and Chou, Y. T. (August 1, 1982). "Criterion for the Prevention of Core Fracture During Extrusion of Bimetal Rods." ASME. J. Eng. Ind. August 1982; 104(3): 293–304. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3185833
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