The cutting model and the energy method to predict chip formation and cutting force, which were proposed in the previous part of this study, are extended to machining with conventional single-point tool. The prediction is always possible in the practical range of cutting conditions regardless of size of cutting and tool geometry, if only orthogonal cutting data under equivalent cutting conditions are in hand. The predicted results are verified to be in good agreement with the experimental results in a wide variety of depth of cut, side and back rake angles, side cutting edge angle, and nose radius.

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