This paper describes the principles and the application of two mathematical models, developed for predicting the significant variables of the strip rolling process. The first model and the associated computer program ROLING can estimate the roll-separating force and the roll torque. This model includes the most up-to-date analyses of (a) the plastic deformation in the strip, (b) the elastic compression and recovery of the strip before and after rolling, and (c) the elastic deformation of the rolls. The second model and the associated computer program ROLTEM have been developed to simulate the metal flow and temperatures in strip rolling. They consider simultaneous heat generation, heat transport, and heat transfer during rolling using a finite-difference algorithm. The predictions made by the computer programs ROLING and ROLTEM have been compared with existing experimental data. The results indicate that the agreement of theoretical predictions with experimental results is well within acceptable engineering accuracy.

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