An optimum experimental condition, which realize good surface roughness in cross direction both contour and scanning lines, for radius end mill against some inclined surfaces is obtained and some features is these cutting processes is discussed in this paper.
The optimum experimental condition, which consists of cutting type (or feed direction), spindle speed, feed rate, depth of immersion, inclination angle, corner radius of end mill and cross feed, is obtained and the influence degree of these parameters is calculated by using Taguchi method. The experiment is carried out based on L18 orthogonal array. Based on the influence degree and geometric contact status due to unique shape of radius end mill, some feature of radius end milling is introduced.
As a result of the contour line machining, a scallop height is very influenced by the inclination angle and the corner radius, and surface machined by bottom edge must not be remained. Regarding the scanning line machining, “go-up” is good for the feed direction. Big corner radius is also suitable because side edge does not contact to workpiece. In other words, the cutting force in radial direction becomes small. Furthermore, the surface roughness of the scanning line machining is smaller than the one of the contour line machining.