This work investigates the importance of the microstructure of boron carbide for initiating inelastic deformation under impact conditions. Simple loading resulting from a flyer plate impact geometry is used to illustrate the importance of microstructure for the well-controlled and easily instrumented experimental geometry. A second set of simulations is performed on a miniaturized impact geometry to investigate the importance of the microstructure for the early stages of semi-infinite penetration for impact velocities between 0.9 km/s and 1.9 km/s. The effect of the microstructure is more pronounced for the flyer plate impact geometry.

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