Failure in brittle materials is characterized by crack growth and fracture, processes which involve an increase in the volume of a sample to accommodate these cracks. This process is called bulking and it is known to be an important factor in the failure of materials such as ceramics, stone, and concrete. While volumetric strains are obtainable under quasi-static conditions, under dynamic conditions technical challenges have stood in the way of obtaining multi-dimensional strain data that would allow for assessment of bulking under the sort loading conditions that would simulate a high velocity impact. Advances in digital-image-correlation and ultra-high-speed-photography have however opened up the capacity to obtain this higher dimensional data. This data in turn has prompted an assessment of prior theory to produce a framework through which stress-strain behavior can be expressed in terms of changes to multiple elastic constants simultaneously. This presentation offers initial results in quasi-static and dynamic experiments and discusses the implications for brittle material behavior and crack evolution phenomenon under a variety of conditions.

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