Abstract

Purpose: The physiological conditions and environment have vital roles in the heat transfer in the human tissues, such as the multi-layered human-eye. In this paper, a mathematical model of the human eye subjected to an exponential laser beam concerning the change in blood perfusion, porosity, evaporation rate, and ambient temperatures has been constructed based on non-Fourier heat conduction law.

Methods: The human eye has been divided into six layers. Appropriate boundary and interface conditions have been considered. A separable function has been assumed, and the twelve equations have been formulated in matrix form. The solutions have been calculated by using MAPLE 17 software.

Results: The results have been shown in figures with different cases. The absolute temperature distribution based on various values of the power density of laser irradiation and relaxation times parameters have been discussed first. The effect of the blood perfusion, porosity, evaporation rate, time, and ambient temperatures have also been discussed.

Conclusions: The power density of laser irradiation, blood perfusion, porosity, evaporation rate, time, and ambient temperatures significantly affects the value of the temperature passing through the human eye layers.

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