Heat transfer by simultaneous conduction and radiation in a thermal radiation absorbing and emitting medium is considered. Consideration is given to a one-dimensional system consisting of two, diffuse, nonblack, infinite, isothermal, parallel plates separated by a finite distance. The space between the plates is filled with a thermal radiation absorbing and emitting medium. The problem is formulated in terms of a nonlinear integro-differential equation and the solution is obtained by reducing it to a nonlinear integral equation. The numerical results are obtained by an iterative method. The temperature distributions and heat transfer are calculated. Two approximate methods for formulating radiant heat-transfer problems are presented and comparisons of the results are made with the most exact solution.

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