The author considers lines of fundamental research and the impact of human factors in the area of thermal exchange. Logically, this area of investigation may be divided into: (a) Heat exchange between man and his environment; and (b) internal energy balance between heat production and heat loss. Very little information has been compiled in an orderly fashion concerning the skin through which heat must flow in both directions to maintain man in his environment in a functional capacity. It is therefore the purpose of this paper to consider the human skin, its dimensions and properties with respect to its role in heat transfer, and the effects of its impairment or injury.

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