Friction factors have been measured for a duct whose cross section has the shape of an isosceles triangle with a side ratio 5 to 1 in the fully developed flow region for laminar, transitional, and turbulent conditions. In addition, local and average heat-transfer coefficients and the temperature field in the duct wall have been determined for the condition of constant heat generation per unit volume of the duct walls. Friction factors in laminar flow agreed well with analytical predictions. In the turbulent flow range they were by 20 per cent lower than values calculated from relations for a round tube with the use of the “hydraulic diameter.” Heat-transfer coefficients averaged over the circumference of the duct were only half as large as values calculated from round tube relations in the Reynolds number range from 4300 to 24,000. The measurements also revealed that thermal starting lengths were in excess of 100 diameters. In round tubes a length of 10 to 20 diameters has been found sufficient to develop the temperature field.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.