Abstract

An experimental investigation into heat transfer characteristics during condensation on two horizontal enhanced tubes (EHTs) was conducted. All the tested EHTs s have similar geometries with an outer diameter of 12.7 mm, and a plain tube was also tested for comparison. Investigated enhanced surfaces consist of dimples, protrusions, and grooves, which may produce more flow turbulence and enhanced the liquid drainage effect. The effects of mass fluxes and vapor quality were compared and analyzed. Test conditions were as follows: saturation temperature fixed at 45 °C, mass flux varying from 100 to 200 kg m−2 s−1, and vapor quality ranging from 0.3 to 0.8. The heat transfer coefficient was presented, and the results show that the proposed enhanced surfaces seem to have worse performance than the conventional tubes when the mass flux is less than 150 kg m−2 s−1, while one of the enhanced tubes (2EHT-1) produce an enhanced ratio of 1.03–1.14 when G=200 kg m−2 s−1. Besides, it was found that the heat transfer coefficient increases with increasing vapor quality, which can be attributed to the increasing diffusion resistance. Mass flux seems to have little effect on the heat transfer performance of smooth tubes, while that of 1EHT increases obviously with increasing mass flux, especially for high vapor qualities.

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