Recently, a novel temperature control technique utilizing the unique thermohydraulic operating principles of the pressure-controlled loop heat pipes (PCLHPs) was proposed and proved its effectiveness, by which a faster and more stable temperature control was possible by means of the pressure control. However, due to its recent emergence, the proposed hydraulic temperature control technique has not been fully characterized in terms of the various operating parameters including the sink temperature. In this work, the effect of the sink temperature on the loop heat pipe (LHP)-based hydraulic temperature control was investigated to improve the stability of the proposed technique. Start-up characteristics and transient responses of the operating temperatures to different pressure steps and sink temperatures were examined. From the test results, it was found that there was a minimum sink temperature, which ensured a steady-state operation after the start-up and a stable hydraulic temperature control with the increasing pressure steps, due to the unstable balance between the heat leak and the liquid subcooling in the compensation chamber at low sink temperatures. In addition, the range of the stable hydraulic temperature control was extended with the increasing coolant temperature due to the decreased heat leak, which resulted in the increased pressure difference between the evaporator and the compensation chamber. Therefore, it was found and suggested that for a stable hydraulic temperature control in an extended range, it was necessary to operate the PCLHP at higher sink temperatures than the low limit.
Effect of Sink Temperature on the Stability of the Pressure-Controlled Loop Heat Pipe
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received September 3, 2018; final manuscript received June 3, 2019; published online July 22, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Manfred Groll.
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Joung, W., and Lee, J. (July 22, 2019). "Effect of Sink Temperature on the Stability of the Pressure-Controlled Loop Heat Pipe." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. September 2019; 141(9): 091805. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043956
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