This study investigates the effects of blowing ratio, density ratio, and spanwise pitch on the flat plate film cooling from two rows of compound angled cylindrical holes. Two arrangements of two-row compound angled cylindrical holes are tested: (a) the first row and the second row are oriented in staggered and same compound angled direction (β = +45 deg for the first row and +45 deg for the second row); (b) the first row and the second row are oriented in inline and opposite direction (β = +45 deg for the first row and −45 deg for the second row). The cooling hole is 4 mm in diameter with an inclined angle of 30 deg. The streamwise row-to-row spacing is fixed at 3d, and the spanwise hole-to-hole (p) is varying from 4d, 6d to 8d for both designs. The film cooling effectiveness measurements were performed in a low-speed wind tunnel in which the turbulence intensity is kept at 6%. There are 36 cases for each design including four blowing ratios (M = 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0), three density ratios (DR = 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0), and three hole-to-hole spacing (p/d = 4, 6, and 8). The detailed film cooling effectiveness distributions were obtained by using the steady-state pressure-sensitive paint (PSP) technique. The spanwise-averaged cooling effectiveness are compared over the range of flow parameters. Some interesting observations are discovered including blowing ratio effect strongly depending on geometric design; staggered arrangement of the hole with same orientation does not yield better effectiveness at higher blowing ratio. Currently, film cooling effectiveness correlation of two-row compound angled cylindrical holes is not available, so this study developed the correlations for the inline arrangement of holes with opposing angles and the staggered arrangement of holes with same angles. The results and correlations are expected to provide useful information for the two-row flat plate film cooling analysis.

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