An experimental study using the liquid crystal thermography technique is conducted to investigate the convective heat transfer performance in jet impingement cooling using various porous media configurations. Aluminum porous foams are used in the present study. Four impinging jet configurations are considered: jet impingement (1) without porous media, (2) over the porous heat sink, (3) with porous obstacle case, and (4) through porous passage. These configurations are evaluated on the basis of the convective heat transfer enhancement for two different Reynolds numbers of 400 and 700. Jet impingement with porous heat sink showed deterioration in the average Nusselt number by 9.95% and 18.04% compared to jet impingement without porous media configuration for Reynolds numbers of 400 and 700, respectively. Jet impingement with porous obstacles showed a very negligible enhancement in the average Nusselt number by 3.48% and 2.73% for Reynolds numbers of 400 and 700, respectively. However, jet impingement through porous passage configuration showed a maximum enhancement in the average Nusselt number by 52.71% and 74.68% and stagnation Nusselt numbers by 58.08% and 53.80% compared to the jet impingement without porous medium for Reynolds numbers of 400 and 700, respectively. Within the porous properties considered, it is observed that by decreasing the permeability and porosity the convective heat transfer performance tends to increase.

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