The detailed Nusselt number distributions on leading and trailing endwalls together with the Fanning friction factors of a rotating two-pass parallelogram ribbed channel are simultaneously measured under forward and backward rotations. The tested Reynolds number, rotation number, density ratio, and buoyancy number are respectively in the ranges of 5000 < Re < 15,000, 0 < Ro < 0.3, 0.044<Δρ/ρ < 0.2, and 0 < Bu < 0.142. The area-averaged leading and trailing Nusselt numbers at forward rotations are 0.69–1.77 and 0.85–1.98 relative to the static-channel Nusselt number references, respectively. With backward rotations, the ratios of regionally averaged Nusselt numbers between rotating and static channels for leading and trailing endwalls fall in the respective range to 0.86–2 and 0.91–1.76. At both forward and backward rotations, all the f factors over leading endwall (LE) and trailing endwall (TE) are elevated from the static-channel levels and increased by increasing Ro. Channel averaged f/f0 ratios are respectively raised to 1.21–2.21 and 1.21–2.1 at forward and backward rotations. As the heat transfer enhancements (HTE) attributed to the presence of detached transverse ribs taking precedence of the accompanying f augmentations, all the thermal performance factors are above unity in the range of 1.26–2.94. Relative to the similar rotating two-pass parallelogram channel with attached 90 deg ribs, the detached ribs generate the higher degrees of heat transfer enhancements with the larger extents of f augmentations.

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