This work presents a mathematical model for simulating the swirling flow in an outward convex corrugated tube with twisted-tape insert (CT). The synergistic effect on the flow, heat transfer, and friction loss behaviors between the surface-based and fluid-based enhancements is numerically investigated. Renormalized group (RNG) k-ε turbulence model applied in our paper is verified by comparing with experimental results investigated by Manglik and Bergles. Comparisons of the CT and smooth tube with twisted-tape insert (ST) plots are confirmed to investigate the performance differences between them. When comparing the performance of the CT against the ST, the maximum ratio of Nusselt number (Nuc/Nus), ratio of friction factor (f/fs), and overall heat transfer performance (η) values realized in the CT are 1.36, 1.53, and 1.15 times higher, respectively, than the maximum values for those same variables in the ST.

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