The purpose of this special section is to document the application of classical mechanical engineering heat and mass transfer analyses to human biology systems and to crystallize the knowledge gained from such analyses, leading to an improved understanding of the driving forces in such systems. The objective is to report the state of the art on some of the research conducted in this field and motivate the heat transfer community, which is uniquely qualified to make valuable contributions to fundamental understanding of transport of heat, mass, and momentum in biological systems. Applying engineering methods can be especially useful in developing fundamental understanding, identifying governing principles, describing mechanisms, and developing predictive models.

Among the topics covered in this special issue are a biological-inspired simulation of flow with phase-change material (effect of particle elongation), conduction in living tissue (transient heat conduction with layers of zero perfusion rate),...

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