A parametric investigation is carried out on the effects of temperature dependent viscosity and thermal conductivity and of viscous dissipation in simultaneously developing laminar flows of liquids in straight microchannels of constant cross sections. Uniform heat flux boundary conditions are specified at the heated walls. A superposition method is proved to be applicable in order to predict the value of the Nusselt number by considering separately the effects of temperature dependent viscosity and those of temperature dependent thermal conductivity. In addition, it is found that the influence of the temperature dependence of thermal conductivity on the value of the Nusselt number is independent of the value of the Brinkman number, i.e., it is the same no matter whether viscous dissipation is negligible or not. Finally, it is demonstrated that, in liquid flows, the main effects on pressure drop of temperature dependent fluid properties can be retained even if only viscosity is allowed to vary with temperature, the other properties being assumed constant. Viscosity is assumed to vary with temperature according to an exponential relation, while a linear dependence of thermal conductivity on temperature is assumed. The other fluid properties are held constant. Two different cross-sectional geometries are considered, corresponding to both axisymmetric (circular) and three-dimensional (square) microchannel geometries. A finite element procedure is employed for the solution of the parabolized momentum and energy equations. Computed axial distributions of the local Nusselt number and of the apparent Fanning friction factor are presented for different values of the viscosity and thermal conductivity Pearson numbers and of the Brinkman number.
Temperature Dependent Viscosity and Thermal Conductivity Effects on the Laminar Forced Convection in Straight Microchannels
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Heat Transfer. Manuscript received May 31, 2012; final manuscript received September 4, 2012; published online September 11, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Sushanta K. Mitra.
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Del Giudice, S., Savino, S., and Nonino, C. (September 11, 2013). "Temperature Dependent Viscosity and Thermal Conductivity Effects on the Laminar Forced Convection in Straight Microchannels." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. October 2013; 135(10): 101003. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4024496
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