A modified Mie scattering theory was used to calculate the enhancement of electromagnetic (EM) field between gold nanospheres. The simulation result showed that the density of EM-energy in the space between neighboring nanospheres increases drastically as the interparticle space decreases. Simulated absorption-spectra also showed a peak-shifting from the visible to the infrared region when decreasing the nanosphere spacing. We used our previous experiment to verify the analytical results; the experiment was conducted by using a photodeformable microshell, which was coated with gold nanospheres. Made of photoshrinkable azobenzene polyelectrolytes, the microshells supported the gold nanospheres and gave the tunability of the interparticle spacing among the nanospheres. Upon irradiation of ultraviolet light, the microshells shrank and reduced the interparticle space. The absorption-spectra of the gradually shrinking microshells showed significant changes; a peak-broadening from the visible to the near-infrared region and a drastically enhanced water-absorption were observed in the experimental spectra. The experimental results confirmed the analytical analysis based on the modified scattering theory.

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