Experimental investigations were conducted to understand the air flow and heat transfer in louver-fin round-tube two-row two-pass cross-counterflow heat exchangers. The Colburn factor j and friction factor f were obtained by using the ε-NTU approach. A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model was developed based on a representative unit cell with periodical and symmetric boundary conditions. Analysis of tube-side circuiting effect has been conducted and showed improvement by applying overall nonlinear tube-side fluid temperature boundary conditions. Comparison of heat transfer rate of the first and second rows showed that the first row was much more effective, achieving 68-53% of the total heat transfer rate, when air velocity changes from 1.02msto2.54ms. A dimensionless parameter, F, was introduced to describe the louver interaction for different fin designs with various louver angles. Using jf13 as a criterion to evaluate the heat transfer and pressure loss performance, an optimal F was predicted around 0.62.

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