Numerical investigation of heat transfer and fluid flow over a backward-facing step (BFS), under the effect of suction and blowing, is presented. Here, suction/blowing is implemented on the bottom wall (adjacent to the step). The finite volume technique is used. The distribution of the modified coefficient of friction and Nusselt number at the top and bottom walls of the BFS are obtained. On the bottom wall, and inside the primary recirculation bubble, suction increases the modified coefficient of friction and blowing reduces it. However, after the point of reattachment, mass augmentation causes an increase in the modified coefficient of friction and mass reduction causes a decrease in modified coefficient of friction. On the top wall, suction decreases the modified coefficient of friction and blowing increases it. Local Nusselt number on the bottom wall is increased by suction and is decreased by blowing, and the contrary occurs on the top wall. The maximum local Nusselt number on the bottom wall coincides with the point of reattachment. High values of average Nusselt number on the bottom wall are identified at high Reynolds numbers and high suction bleed rates. However, the low values correspond to high blowing rates. The reattachment length and the length of the top secondary recirculation bubble are computed under the effect of suction and blowing. The reattachment length is increased by increasing blowing bleed rate and is decreased by increasing suction bleed rate. The spots of high Nusselt number, and low coefficient of friction, are identified by using contour maps.

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