The study is concerned with the heat and moisture transport in a ventilated fabric-skin system composed of a microclimate air annulus that separates an outer cylindrical fabric boundary and an inner oscillating cylinder representing human skin boundary for open and closed aperture settings at the ends of the cylindrical system. The cylinder ventilation model of Ghaddar et al. (2005, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 48(15), pp. 3151–3166) is modified to incorporate the heat and moisture transport from the skin when contact with fabric occurs at repetitive finite intervals during the motion cycle. During fabric skin contact, the heat and moisture transports are modeled based on the fabric dry and evaporative resistances at the localized touch regions at the top and bottom of points of the cylinder. Experiments were conducted to measure the mass transfer coefficient at the skin to the air annulus under periodic ventilation and to measure the sensible heat loss from the inner cylinder for the two cases of fabric-skin contact and no contact. The model predictions of time-averaged steady-periodic sensible heat loss agreed well with the experimentally measured values at different frequencies. The model results showed that the rate of heat loss increased with increased ventilation frequency at fixed (=amplitude/mean annular spacing). At amplitude factor of 1.4, the latent heat loss in the contact region increased by almost 40% compared to the loss at amplitude factor of 0.8 due to the increase in fabric temperature during contact. The sensible heat loss decreased slightly between 3% at and 5% at in the contact region due to higher air temperature and lack of heat loss by radiation when fabric and skin are in touch. The presence of an open aperture has a limited effect on increasing the total heat loss. For an open aperture system at amplitude factor of 1.4, the increase in heat loss over the closed apertures is 4.4%, 2.8%, and 2.2% at , 40, and , respectively.
Heat and Moisture Transport Through the Microclimate Air Annulus of the Clothing-Skin System Under Periodic Motion
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Ghali, K., Ghaddar, N., and Jaroudi, E. (February 10, 2006). "Heat and Moisture Transport Through the Microclimate Air Annulus of the Clothing-Skin System Under Periodic Motion." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. September 2006; 128(9): 908–918. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2241811
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