In this paper we provide a review of heat transfer and wall heat flux partitioning models/correlations applicable to subcooled forced flow nucleate boiling. Details of both empirical and mechanistic models that have been proposed in the literature are provided. A comparison of the experimental data with predictions from selected models is also included.

Issue Section:

Review Article
1.

Bowring

, R. W.

, 1962, “Physical Model Based on Bubble Detachment and Calculation of Steam Voidage in the Subcooled Region of a Heated Channel

,” HPR-10, Institutt for Atomenergi, Halden, Norway.2.

Engelberg-Forster

, K.

, and Greif

, R.

, 1959, “Heat Transfer to a Boiling Liquid—Mechanism and Correlation

,” Trans. ASME, Ser. C: J. Heat Transfer

0022-1481, 81

, pp. 43

–53

.3.

Kutateladze

, S. S.

, 1961, “Boiling Heat Transfer

,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

0017-9310, 4

, pp. 31

–45

.4.

Rohsenow

, W. M.

, 1953, “Heat Transfer with Evaporation

,” Proceedings of Heat Transfer—A Symposium Held at the University of Michigan During the Summer of 1952

, University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, pp. 101

–150

.5.

Bergles

, A. E.

, and Rohsenow

, W. M.

, 1964, “The Determination of Forced Convection, Surface Boiling Heat Transfer

,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

0022-1481, 86

, pp. 365

–372

.6.

Bjorge

, R. W.

, Hall

, G. R.

, and Rohsenow

, W. M.

, 1982, “Correlation of Forced Convection Boiling Heat Transfer Data

,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

0017-9310, 25

, pp. 753

–757

.7.

Colburn

, A. P.

, 1933, “A Method of Correlating Forced Convection Heat Transfer Data and a Comparison with Fluid Friction Data

,” Trans. Am. Inst. Chem. Eng.

0096-7408, 29

, p. 174

.8.

Mikic

, B. B.

, and Rohsenow

, W. M.

, 1969, “A New Correlation of Pool Boiling Data Including the Effect of Heating Surface Characteristics

,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

0022-1481, 91

, pp. 245

–256

.9.

McAdams

, W. H.

, Kennel

, W. E.

, Minden

, C. S.

, Carl

, R.

, Picornell

, P. M.

, and Dew

, J. E.

, 1949, “Heat Transfer at High Rates to Water with Surface Boiling

,” Ind. Eng. Chem.

0019-7866, 41

, pp. 1945

–1953

.10.

Liu

, Z.

, and Winterton

, R. H. S.

, 1991, “A General Correlation for Saturated and Subcooled Flow Boiling in Tubes and Annuli, Based on a Nucleate Pool Boiling Equation

,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

0017-9310, 34

, pp. 2759

–2766

.11.

Chen

, J. C.

, 1966, “A Correlation for Boiling Heat Transfer to Saturated Fluids in Convective Flows

,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Process Des. Dev.

0196-4305, 5

, pp. 322

–329

.12.

Boyd

, R. D.

, and Meng

, X.

, 1996, “Boiling Curve Correlation for Subcooled Flow Boiling

,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

0017-9310, 38

, pp. 758

–760

.13.

Kandlikar

, S. G.

, 1998, “Heat Transfer Characteristics in Partial Boiling, Fully Developed Boiling, and Significant Void Flow Regions of Subcooled Flow Boiling

,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

0022-1481, 120

, pp. 395

–401

.14.

Wadekar

, V. V.

, 1996, “An Alternative Model for Flow Boiling Heat Transfer

,” Convective Flow Boiling

, edited by J. C.

Chen

, Taylor and Francis

, Washington, DC, pp. 187

–192

.15.

Cooper

, M. G.

, 1984, “Saturation Nucleation Boiling—A Simple Correlation

,” IChemE Symp. Ser.

, 86

, pp. 786

–793

.16.

Jens

, W. H.

, and Lottes

, P. A.

, 1951, “An Analysis of Heat Transfer, Burnout, Pressure Drop, and Density Data for High Pressure Water

,” Argonne Natl. Lab Report No. ANL-4627-1951.17.

Thom

, J. R. S.

, Walker

, W. M.

, Fallon

, T. A.

, and Reising

, G. F. S.

, 1965, “Boiling in Subcooled Water During Flow up Heated Tubes or Annuli

,” presented at the Symposium on Boiling Heat Transfer in Steam Generating Units and Heat Exchangers, Institute of Mechanical Engineers, London.18.

Griffith

, P.

, Clark

, J. A.

, and Rohsenow

, W. M.

, 1958, “Void Volumes in Subcooled Boiling

,” ASME Paper 58-HT-19, U.S. National Heat Transfer Conference, Chicago.19.

Rouhani

, S. Z.

, and Axelsson

, E.

, 1970, “Calculation of Void Volume Fraction in the Subcooled and Quality Boiling Regions

,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

0017-9310, 13

, pp. 383

–393

.20.

Zuber

, N.

, and Findlay

, J.

, 1965, “Average Volumetric Concentration in Two-Phase Flow Systems

,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

0022-1481, 87

, pp. 453

–462

.21.

Rouhani

, S. Z.

, 1968, “Calculation of Steam Volume Fraction in Subcooled Boiling

,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

0022-1481, 90

, pp. 158

–164

.22.

Dix

, G. E.

, 1971, “Vapor Void Fraction For Forced Convection with Subcooled Boiling at Low Flow Rates

,” Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley.23.

Larsen

, P. S.

, and Tong

, L. S.

, 1969, “Void Fractions in Subcooled Flow Boiling

,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

0022-1481, 91

, pp. 471

–476

.24.

Ahmad

, S. Y.

, 1970, “Axial Distribution of Bulk Temperature and Void Fraction in a Heater Channel With Inlet Subcooling

,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

0022-1481, 92

, pp. 595

–609

.25.

Hancox

, W. T.

, and Nicoll

, W. B.

, 1971, “A General Technique for the Prediction of Void Distributions in Non-Steady Two-Phase Forced Convection

,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

0017-9310, 14

, pp. 1377

–1394

.26.

Maroti

, L.

, 1977, “Axial Distribution of Void Fraction in Subcooled Boiling

,” Nucl. Technol.

0029-5450, 34

, pp. 8

–17

.27.

Lahey

, R. T.

, 1978, “A Mechanistic Subcooled Boiling Model

,” Proceedings of the 6th International Heat Transfer Conference

, Toronto, Canada, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, Washington, Vol. 1

, pp. 293

–297

.28.

Chatoorgoon

, V.

, Dimmick

, G. R.

, Carver

, M. B.

, Selander

, W. N.

, and Shoukri

, M.

, 1992, “Application of Generation and Condensation Models to Predict Subcooled Boiling Void at Low Pressures

,” Nucl. Technol.

0029-5450, 98

, pp. 366

–378

.29.

Zeitoun

, O.

, 1994, “Subcooled Flow Boiling and Condensation

,” Ph.D. thesis, McMaster, University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.30.

Saha

, P.

, and Zuber

, N.

, 1974, “Point of net vapor generation and vapor void fraction in subcooled boiling

,” Proceedings of the 5th International Heat Transfer Conference, Tokyo, Japan

, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation

, Washington, Vol. 4

, pp. 175

–179

.31.

Del Valle

, V. H. M.

, and Kenning

, D. B. R.

, 1985, “Subcooled Flow Boiling at High Heat Flux

,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

0017-9310, 28

, pp. 1907

–1920

.32.

Graham

, R. W.

, and Hendricks

, R. C.

, 1967, “Assessment of Convection, Conduction and Evaporation in Nucleate Boiling

,” NASA TND-3943.33.

Kenning

, D. B. R.

, and Del Valle

, V. H. M.

, 1981, “Fully Developed Nucleate Boiling: Overlap of Areas of Influence and Interference between Bubble Sites

,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

0017-9310, 21

, pp. 1025

–1032

.34.

Cooper

, M. G.

, Judd

, A. M.

, and Pike

, R. A.

, 1978, “Shape and Departure of Single Bubbles Growing at a Wall

,” Proceedings of the 6th International Heat Transfer Conference

, Toronto, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, Washington, Vol. 1

, pp. 115

–120

.35.

Kurul

, N.

, and Podowski

, M. Z.

, 1990, “Multidimensional Effects in Forced Convection Subcooled Boiling

,” Proceedings of the 9th International Heat Transfer Conference

, Jerusalem, Israel, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, Vol. 2

, pp. 21

–26

.36.

Unal

, H. C.

, 1976, “Maximum Bubble Diameter, Maximum Bubble Growth Time and Bubble Growth Rate During Subcooled Nucleate Flow Boiling of Water up to 17.7MN∕m2

,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

0017-9310, 19

, pp. 643

–649

.37.

Cole

, R.

, 1960, “Photographic Study of Boiling in the Region of Critical Heat Flux

,” AIChE J.

0001-1541, 6

, pp. 533

–542

.38.

Tu

, J. Y.

, and Yeoh

, G. H.

, 2002, “On Numerical Modeling of Low-Pressure Subcooled Boiling Flows

,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

0017-9310, 45

, pp. 1197

–1209

.39.

Kumar

, R.

, Maneri

, C. C.

, and Strayer

, T. D.

, 2004, “Modeling and Numerical Prediction of Flow Boiling in a Thin Geometry

,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

0022-1481, 126

, pp. 23

–33

.40.

Končar

, B.

, Kljenak

, I.

, and Mavko

, B.

, 2004, “Modeling of Local Two-Phase Parameters in Upward Subcooled Flow Boiling at Low Pressures

,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

0017-9310, 47

, pp. 1499

–1513

.41.

Wintterle

, T.

, Laurien

, E.

, Egorov

, Y. E.

, and Menter

, F. R.

, 2005, “Numerical Simulation of a Subcooled Boiling Flow in a Nuclear Reactor Rod Bundle Assembly

,” Proceedings of the 11th Workshop on Two-Phase Flow Predictions

, Merseburg, Germany.42.

Basu

, N.

, Warrier

, G. R.

, and Dhir

, V. K.

, 2005, “Wall Heat Flux Partitioning During Subcooled Flow Boiling: Part I—Model Development

,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

0022-1481, 127

, pp. 131

–140

.43.

Basu

, N.

, Warrier

, G. R.

, and Dhir

, V. K.

, 2005, “Wall Heat Flux Partitioning During Subcooled Flow Boiling: Part II—Model Validation

,” ASME J. Heat Transfer

0022-1481, 127

, pp. 141

–148

.44.

Basu

, N.

, 2003, “Modeling and Experiments For Wall Heat Flux Partitioning During Subcooled Flow Boiling of Water at Low Pressures

,” Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Los Angeles.Copyright © 2006

by American Society of Mechanical Engineers

You do not currently have access to this content.