The self-preserving mixing properties of steady round nonbuoyant turbulent jets in uniform crossflows were investigated experimentally. The experiments involved steady round nonbuoyant fresh water jet sources injected into uniform and steady fresh water crossflows within the windowed test section of a water channel facility. Mean and fluctuating concentrations of source fluid were measured over cross sections of the flow using planar-laser-induced-fluorescence (PLIF). The self-preserving penetration properties of the flow were correlated successfully similar to Diez et al. [ASME J. Heat Transfer, 125, pp. 1046–1057 (2003)] whereas the self-preserving structure properties of the flow were correlated successfully based on scaling analysis due to Fischer et al. [Academic Press, New York, pp. 315–389 (1979)]; both approaches involve assumptions of no-slip convection in the cross stream direction (parallel to the crossflow) and a self-preserving nonbuoyant line puff having a conserved momentum force per unit length that moves in the streamwise direction (parallel to the initial source flow). The self-preserving flow structure consisted of two counter-rotating vortices, with their axes nearly aligned with the crossflow (horizontal) direction, that move away from the source in the streamwise direction due to the action of source momentum. Present measurements extended up to 260 and 440 source diameters from the source in the streamwise and cross stream directions, respectively, and yielded the following results: jet motion in the cross stream direction satisfied the no-slip convection approximation; geometrical features, such as the penetration of flow boundaries and the trajectories of the axes of the counter-rotating vortices, reached self-preserving behavior at streamwise distances greater than 40–50 source diameters from the source; and parameters associated with the structure of the flow, e.g., contours and profiles of mean and fluctuating concentrations of source fluid, reached self-preserving behavior at streamwise (vertical) distances from the source greater than 80 source diameters from the source. The counter-rotating vortex structure of the self-preserving flow was responsible for substantial increases in the rate of mixing of the source fluid with the ambient fluid compared to corresponding axisymmetric flows in still environments, e.g., transverse dimensions in the presence of the self-preserving counter-rotating vortex structure were 2–3 times larger than transverse dimensions in self-preserving axisymmetric flows at comparable conditions.
Self-Preserving Mixing Properties of Steady Round Nonbuoyant Turbulent Jets in Uniform Crossflows
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Diez, F. J., Bernal, L. P., and Faeth, G. M. (March 1, 2005). "Self-Preserving Mixing Properties of Steady Round Nonbuoyant Turbulent Jets in Uniform Crossflows." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. August 2005; 127(8): 877–887. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1991868
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