Experiments were performed to examine the effects of body force on flow boiling CHF. FC-72 was boiled along one wall of a transparent rectangular flow channel that permitted photographic study of the vapor-liquid interface just prior to CHF. High-speed video imaging techniques were used to identify dominant CHF mechanisms corresponding to different flow orientations and liquid velocities. Six different CHF regimes were identified: Wavy Vapor Layer, Pool Boiling, Stratification, Vapor Counterflow, Vapor Stagnation, and Separated Concurrent Vapor Flow. CHF showed significant sensitivity to orientation for flow velocities below 0.2 m/s, where extremely low CHF values where measured, especially with downward-facing heated wall and downflow orientations. High flow velocities dampened the effects of orientation considerably. The CHF data were used to assess the suitability of previous CHF models and correlations. It is shown the Interfacial Lift-off Model is very effective at predicting CHF for high velocities at all orientations. The flooding limit, on the other hand, is useful at estimating CHF at low velocities and for downflow orientations. A new method consisting of three dimensionless criteria is developed to determine the minimum flow velocity required to overcome body force effects on near-saturated flow boiling CHF.
A Method for Assessing the Importance of Body Force on Flow Boiling CHF
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division June 3, 2003; revision received November 19, 2003. Associate Editor: M. K. Jensen.
Zhang , H., Mudawar, I., and Hasan, M. M. (May 4, 2004). "A Method for Assessing the Importance of Body Force on Flow Boiling CHF ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. April 2004; 126(2): 161–168. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1651532
Download citation file: