The mechanism of heat transfer enhancement and pressure drop penalty in the presence of a radial electric field for the two-phase (liquid/vapor) annular flow is presented. The turbulence spectral theory shows that the radial electric field fluctuation changes the turbulent energy distribution, especially in the radial direction. Consequently, the Reynolds stresses are directly affected by the applied electric field. The analysis reveals that the influence of the applied electric field on the turbulence distribution in an annular two-phase flow leads to the changes in the heat transfer and the pressure drop. The magnitudes of the heat transfer enhancement and the pressure drop penalty are strongly related to the ratio of the radial pressure difference generated by the EHD force to the axial frictional pressure drop. The existing experimental data agree with the predictions of the analysis presented in this paper. The analysis developed here can be a valuable tool in properly predicting the two-phase annular flow heat transfer enhancement and pressure drop penalty in the presence of a radial electric field for both convective boiling and condensation processes.
Mechanism of Annular Two-Phase Flow Heat Transfer Enhancement and Pressure Drop Penalty in the Presence of a Radial Electric Field—Turbulence Analysis
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division October 1, 2001; revision received February 11, 2003. Associate Editor: P. S. Ayyaswamy.
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Feng , Y., and Seyed-Yagoobi, J. (May 20, 2003). "Mechanism of Annular Two-Phase Flow Heat Transfer Enhancement and Pressure Drop Penalty in the Presence of a Radial Electric Field—Turbulence Analysis ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. June 2003; 125(3): 478–486. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1571089
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