Internal mist/steam blade cooling technology is proposed for the future generation of Advanced Turbine Systems (ATS). Fine water droplets about 5 μm were carried by steam through a slot jet onto a concave heated surface in a confined channel to simulate inner surface cooling at the leading edge of a turbine blade. Experiments covered Reynolds numbers from 7500 to 22,000 and heat fluxes from 3 to 21 kW/m2. Results indicate that the cooling is enhanced significantly near the stagnation point by the mist, decreasing downstream. Unlike impingement onto a flat target where the enhancement vanished at six jet diameters downstream, the cooling enhancement over a concave surface prevails at all points downstream. Similar to the results of the flat surface, the cooling enhancement declines at higher heat fluxes. Up to 200 % cooling enhancement at the stagnation point was achieved by injecting approximately 0.5 % of mist.
Mist/Steam Heat Transfer With Jet Impingement Onto a Concave Surface
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division May 28, 2002; revision received November 12, 2002. Associate Editor: C. Amon.
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Li, X., Gaddis, J. L., and Wang, T. (May 20, 2003). "Mist/Steam Heat Transfer With Jet Impingement Onto a Concave Surface ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. June 2003; 125(3): 438–446. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1561813
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