An experimental study has been conducted to investigate the effects of surface energy on frost formation. Test samples with three different surfaces of which dynamic contact angles (DCA) were 23, 55, and 88 deg were installed in a wind tunnel and exposed to a humid airflow. The airflow Reynolds number, humidity, the air and the cold plate temperatures were maintained at 9000, 0.0042 kg/kg′, +12 and −22°C, respectively. The thickness and the mass of frost layer were measured and used to calculate frost density while heat flux and temperature profile were measured to obtain thermal conductivity. Exact positions of thermocouple junctions were verified by means of visualization system in order to increase accuracy. Results showed that frost density and thermal conductivity increase with time. The surface with a lower DCA showed a higher frost density and thermal conductivity during a two-hour test, but minor differences have been found after two hours of frost generation. Empirical correlations for thickness, mass deposition, density and thermal conductivity were proposed as the functions of test time and surface energy.
Experimental Study on Frost Structure on Surfaces With Different Hydrophilicity: Density and Thermal Conductivity
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division September 4, 2001; revision received July 19, 2002. Associate Editor: J. G. Georgiadis.
Shin, J., Tikhonov, A. V., and Kim, C. (January 29, 2003). "Experimental Study on Frost Structure on Surfaces With Different Hydrophilicity: Density and Thermal Conductivity ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. February 2003; 125(1): 84–94. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1518496
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