Heat transfer surface fouling introduces a major uncertainty into the design and operation of cooling water systems. Fouling caused by calcium carbonate typically occurs on heat transfer surfaces. Ozone has been successfully used for more than 90 years as a disinfectant in drinking water. Recently, it has been proposed to use ozone for cooling tower water treatment. In this research, the effectiveness of mitigation of calcium carbonate particulate fouling by ozone was studied systematically. The experimental results show that, at low Reynolds numbers, though the ozonation retards the initial calcium carbonate particulate fouling rate, the retardation led to a non-porous deposit layer and a higher asymptotic fouling resistance. However, at high Reynolds numbers, ozonation was found to reduce the asymptotic fouling resistance.
Mitigation of Particulate Fouling by Ozonation
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division January 15, 2002; revision received June 26, 2002. Associate Editor: C. H. Amon.
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Wu, B., and Chan, S. H. (January 29, 2003). "Mitigation of Particulate Fouling by Ozonation ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. February 2003; 125(1): 147–150. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1518493
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