This paper treats the buoyant convection in a layer of boron oxide, called a liquid encapsulant, which lies above a layer of a molten compound semiconductor (melt) between cold and hot vertical walls in a rectangular container with a steady vertical magnetic field B. The magnetic field provides an electromagnetic (EM) damping of the molten semiconductor which is an excellent electrical conductor but has no direct effect on the motion of the liquid encapsulant. The temperature gradient drives counter clockwise circulations in both the melt and encapsulant. These circulations alone would lead to positive and negative values of the horizontal velocity in the encapsulant and melt, respectively, near the interface. The competition between the two buoyant convections determines the direction of the horizontal velocity of the interface. For B=5 there is significant EM damping of the melt motion and the encapsulant drives a positive interfacial velocity and a small clockwise circulation in the melt. For a much weaker field B=0.1 the maximum velocity in the melt is hundreds of times larger than that of the encapsulant, thus causing nearly all the encapsulant to circulate in the clockwise direction.
Coupling of Buoyant Convections in Boron Oxide and a Molten Semiconductor in a Vertical Magnetic Field
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER. Manuscript received by the Heat Transfer Division July 7, 2001; revision received February 28, 2002. Associate Editor: K. S. Ball.
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Farrell, M. V., and Ma, N. (July 16, 2002). "Coupling of Buoyant Convections in Boron Oxide and a Molten Semiconductor in a Vertical Magnetic Field ." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. August 2002; 124(4): 643–649. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1473141
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