An experimental study on air natural convection on an inclined discretely heated plate with a parallel shroud below was carried out. Three heated strips were located in different positions on the upper wall. The distance between the walls, b, was changed in the range 7.0–40.0 mm and two values of the heat flux dissipated by the heaters were taken into account. Several inclination angles between the vertical and the horizontal were tested. The wall temperature distribution as a function of the channel spacing and the inclination angle, the source heat flux, the number and the arrangement of the heat sources are presented. The analysis shows that, for angles not greater than 85 deg, increasing the distance between walls does not reduce the wall temperatures, whereas at greater tilting angles (>85 deg) there is an opposite tendency. This is confirmed by flow visualization at angles equal to 85 deg and 90 deg and b=20.0 and 32.3 mm. Dimensionless maximum wall temperatures are correlated to the process parameters in the ranges 1.2s˙104Ralcosθ8.6s˙105; 0 deg⩽θ⩽88 deg; 0.48l/b1.6 and 10L/b32.6 with 1.0d/l3.0; the agreement with experimental data is good. The spacing which yields the best thermal performance of the channel is given. Local Nusselt numbers are evaluated and correlated to the local Rayleigh numbers and the tilting angles in the ranges 20Rax8.0s˙105 and 0 deg⩽θ⩽88 deg. The exponent of monomial correlations between local Nusselt and Rayleigh numbers are in the 0.23–0.26 range. Comparisons with data from the literature, in terms of Nusselt number, exhibited minor discrepancies, mainly because of some difference in test conditions and of heat conduction in the channel walls.

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